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  Basilica of San Vitale, consecrated 547 Anno Domini in honor of San Vitale di Milano - Saint Vitalis of Milan, 1st/2nd century saint and martyr  

Basilica of San Vitale, consecrated 547 Anno Domini in honor of San Vitale di Milano - Saint Vitalis of Milan, 1st/2nd century saint and martyr. 7 July 2012




Saint Gervasius   Saint Protasius





in Ravenna in Basilica of San Vitale mosaic of Abel and Melchisidec and Mose and Isaias  

And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; he was priest of God Most High. And he blessed him and said,

“Blessed be Abram by God Most High,
maker of heaven and earth;
and blessed be God Most High,
who has delivered your enemies into your hand!”

And Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

  Genesis 14:18-20
in Ravenna in Basilica of San Vitale mosaic of Abel and Melchisidec and Mose and Isaias    



  Basilica of San Vitale mosaic on the north lunette of the choir of the basilica depicting Abraham at Mamre bringing an offering to the three angels  

Mosaic (521-547 Anno Domini) on the north lunette of the choir of the Basilica of San Vitale depicting Abraham at Mamre bringing an offering to the three angels, with Sarah standing in the tent, and to the viewer's right another scene with Abraham offering Isaac to God and the Angel of God staying Abraham's hand after he has shown obedience.




    Troitsa by Andrie Rublyov
  И явился ему Господь у дубравы Мамре, когда он сидел при входе в шатер, во время зноя дневного. Он возвел очи свои и взглянул, и вот, три мужа стоят против него. Увидев, он побежал навстречу им от входа в шатер и поклонился до земли, и сказал: Владыка! если я обрел благоволение пред очами Твоими, не пройди мимо раба Твоего; и принесут немного воды, и омоют ноги ваши; и отдохните под сим деревом, а я принесу хлеба, и вы подкрепите сердца ваши; потом пойдите; так как вы идете мимо раба вашего. Они сказали: сделай так, как говоришь. И поспешил Авраам в шатер к Сарре и сказал: поскорее замеси три саты лучшей муки и сделай пресные хлебы. И побежал Авраам к стаду, и взял теленка нежного и хорошего, и дал отроку, и тот поспешил приготовить его. И взял масла и молока и теленка приготовленного, и поставил перед ними, а сам стоял подле них под деревом. И они ели. И сказали ему: где Сарра, жена твоя? Он отвечал: здесь, в шатре. И сказал [один из них]: Я опять буду у тебя в это же время, и будет сын у Сарры, жены твоей. А Сарра слушала у входа в шатер, сзади его. Авраам же и Сарра были стары и в летах преклонных, и обыкновенное у женщин у Сарры прекратилось. Сарра внутренно рассмеялась, сказав: мне ли, когда я состарилась, иметь сие утешение? и господин мой стар. И сказал Господь Аврааму: отчего это рассмеялась Сарра, сказав: 'неужели я действительно могу родить, когда я состарилась'? Есть ли что трудное для Господа? В назначенный срок буду Я у тебя в следующем году, и у Сарры [будет] сын. Сарра же не призналась, а сказала: я не смеялась. Ибо она испугалась. Но Он сказал: нет, ты рассмеялась.
    Бытие 18:1-15
  And the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day. He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men stood in front of him. When he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them, and bowed himself to the earth, and said, "My lord, if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by your servant. Let a little water be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree, while I fetch a morsel of bread, that you may refresh yourselves, and after that you may pass on — since you have come to your servant." So they said, Do as you have said. And Abraham hastened into the tent to Sarah, and said, "Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead it, and make cakes." And Abraham ran to the herd, and took a calf, tender and good, and gave it to the servant, who hastened to prepare it. Then he took curds, and milk, and the calf which he had prepared, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree while they ate. They said to him, Where is Sarah your wife? And he said, "She is in the tent." The LORD said, I will surely return to you in the spring, and Sarah your wife shall have a son. And Sarah was listening at the tent door behind him. Now Abraham and Sarah were old, advanced in age; it had ceased to be with Sarah after the manner of women. So Sarah laughed to herself, saying, "After I have grown old, and my husband is old, shall I have pleasure?" The LORD said to Abraham, Why did Sarah laugh, and say, `Shall I indeed bear a child, now that I am old?' Is anything too hard for the LORD? At the appointed time I will return to you, in the spring, and Sarah shall have a son. But Sarah denied, saying, "I did not laugh"; for she was afraid. He said, No, but you did laugh.
    Genesis 18:1-15
  Poi il Signore apparve a lui alle Querce di Mamre, mentre egli sedeva all'ingresso della tenda nell'ora più calda del giorno. Egli alzò gli occhi e vide che tre uomini stavano in piedi presso di lui. Appena li vide, corse loro incontro dall'ingresso della tenda e si prostrò fino a terra, dicendo: «Mio signore, se ho trovato grazia ai tuoi occhi, non passar oltre senza fermarti dal tuo servo. Si vada a prendere un pò di acqua, lavatevi i piedi e accomodatevi sotto l'albero. Permettete che vada a prendere un boccone di pane e rinfrancatevi il cuore; dopo, potrete proseguire, perché è ben per questo che voi siete passati dal vostro servo». Quelli dissero: «Fà pure come hai detto». Allora Abramo andò in fretta nella tenda, da Sara, e disse: «Presto, tre staia di fior di farina, impastala e fanne focacce». All'armento corse lui stesso, Abramo, prese un vitello tenero e buono e lo diede al servo, che si affrettò a prepararlo. Prese latte acido e latte fresco insieme con il vitello, che aveva preparato, e li porse a loro. Così, mentr'egli stava in piedi presso di loro sotto l'albero, quelli mangiarono. Poi gli dissero: «Dov'è Sara, tua moglie?». Rispose: «E' là nella tenda». Il Signore riprese: «Tornerò da te fra un anno a questa data e allora Sara, tua moglie, avrà un figlio». Intanto Sara stava ad ascoltare all'ingresso della tenda ed era dietro di lui. Abramo e Sara erano vecchi, avanti negli anni; era cessato a Sara ciò che avviene regolarmente alle donne. Allora Sara rise dentro di sé e disse: «Avvizzita come sono dovrei provare il piacere, mentre il mio signore è vecchio!». Ma il Signore disse ad Abramo: «Perché Sara ha riso dicendo: Potrò davvero partorire, mentre sono vecchia? C'è forse qualche cosa impossibile per il Signore? Al tempo fissato tornerò da te alla stessa data e Sara avrà un figlio». Allora Sara negò: «Non ho riso!», perché aveva paura; ma quegli disse: «Sì, hai proprio riso».
    Genesi 18:1-15  




  La basilica di San Vitale, Consacrazione 547 Anno Domini  

La basilica di San Vitale, Consacrazione 547 Anno Domini, 13 gennaio 2013





dome mosaic Il Battistero Neoniano, detto anche degli Ortodossi - Neonian Bapistery, also known as the Orthodox Baptistery  

Il Battistero Neoniano, detto anche degli Ortodossi - Neonian Bapistery, also known as the Orthodox Baptistery

Part of a Great Basilica until the latter's destruction in 1734, this oldest of extant Christian monuments of Ravenna was built at the direction of Bishop Ursus - Sant'Orso di Ravenna c. 400 Anno Domini;
finished with mosaics added some decades later during the reign (451 - 475) of Bishop Neone. Though there were restorations and additions from as late as the 19th century (the dish that Saint John uses),
this mosaic is largely original, nearly 1600 years old.





    Neonian Bapistery font
    12th/13th century octagonal baptismal font in Neonian Bapistery.




Romanesque campanile (bell tower) of the cathedral, dating from the 10th century.    
Romanesque campanile (bell tower) of the cathedral, dating from the 10th century.
Cattedrale metropolitana della Risurrezione di Nostro Signore Gesù Cristo,
18th century baroque Church replacing the early 5th century Basilica of Saint Ursus.



  Chiesa di San Giovanni Evangelista Ravenna  
  Chiesa di San Giovanni Evangelista, c. 426 - 430, the oldest Church in extraordinary Ravenna, was commissioned by Empress Aelia Galla Placidia (392 - 450), wife of Emperor Constantius III and daughter of Emperor Theodosius I who made orthodox Christianity the official state religion of the Roman Empire. Theodosius was also the last Emperor to rule over both the eastern and the western halves of the Roman Empire. Empress Galla Placidia was the effective ruler as regent for her son, Emperor Valentinian III, for 14 years from 423 to 437. The 42 meter high campanile (bell tower) dates to the 10th century.  



Chiesa di San Giovanni Evangelista nave

Chiesa di San Giovanni Evangelista nave.

  Chiesa di San Giovanni Evangelista portal
    14th century Gothic portal.





Ravenna Agreed Statement, 13 October 2007

of the

Joint International Commission for the Theological Dialogue
between the Roman Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church:

Ecclesiological and Canonical Consequences of the Sacramental Nature of the Church
— Ecclesial Communion, Conciliarity and Authority —




Basilica di Sant'Apollinare Nuovo    
Rinominati la Basilica di Sant'Apollinare Nuovo in 856 dC, quando le reliquie di
Sant'Apollinare sono stati tradotti dalla Basilica di Sant'Apollinare in Classe.
Renamed the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare Nuovo in 856 AD when relics of
Saint Apollinaris were translated from the Basilica of Sant'Apollinare in Classe.
The Church was first erected in c. 505 as an Arian Church at the direction of Ostrogoth
King Theodoric the Great, though already in 561 Anno Domini it was rededicated by
Emperor Justinian I as an Orthodox-Catholic Church dedicated to an arch-champion of
orthodoxy against the Arian heresy, Saint Martin of Tours (* c. 316, Pannonia, Hungary
– † 8 November 397). By tradition Saint Apollinaris of Antioch may have been one of
the Seventy(-two). He was consecrated the first Bishop of Ravenna by Apostle Saint Peter,
and he served in that office for twenty-eight years until his holy martyrdom in c. 78 AD.